Mackaye, Steele


Mackaye, Steele
(1842-1894)
   James Morrison Steele MacKaye was born in Buffalo, New York, son of a lawyer and art fancier who sent his son to Paris to study art. MacKaye returned to join the Union army during the Civil War and rose to the rank of major before illness ended his service. After recovering, MacKaye returned to Paris and in 1869 studied expression with François Delsarte. Returning to the United States, MacKaye lectured on Delsarte's theories and opened a school in New York in 1871 to teach Delsarte's techniques. MacKaye launched himself as an actor and playwright with Mon-aldi (1872), coauthored by Francis Durivage, but it failed to find an audience. He played Hamlet in London's Crystal Palace in 1873, then scored New York successes with two plays, Rose Michel (1875) and Won at Last (1877).
   MacKaye assumed management of the Fifth Avenue Theatre and refurbished it with a lighting system designed by Thomas A. Edison and other state-of-the-art equipment, including an innovative elevator stage that permitted fast scene shifts. Renamed the Madison Square Theatre, MacKaye opened it with his hit play Hazel Kirke (1880), which achieved the longest run of a nonMUSicAL work in the history of the American theatre to that time. Management problems led to his loss of the theatre, so MacKaye designed another theatre, in which he planned to include a hotel, but it was never built. In 1885, MacKaye designed the Lyceum Theatre, which again incorporated technical innovations and a space for a drama school. Among MacKaye's later plays, Paul Kauvar; or, Anarchy (1887), a French Revolution melodrama, won favor, as did The Drama of Civilization (1887). MacKaye also designed a Spectatorium for the 1893 Chicago World's Fair in which he planned to present The World Finder, a pageant of Columbus's life, but the elaborate plan had to be scaled back due to a national economic downturn. He was the father of Percy MacKaye.

The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater. .

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  • MacKaye, Steele — ▪ American playwright born June 6, 1842, Buffalo died February 25, 1894, Timpas, Colo., U.S.       U.S. playwright, actor, theatre manager, and inventor who has been called the closest approximation to a Renaissance man produced by the United… …   Universalium

  • Steele MacKaye — James Morrison Steele MacKaye (pronounced ) (June 6, 1842 – February 25, 1894) was an American playwright, actor, theater manager and inventor. Having acted, written, directed and produced numerous and popular plays and theatrical spectaculars of …   Wikipedia

  • MacKaye — beziehungsweise Mackaye ist der Nachname von: Abdelwahid Aboud Mackaye (* 1953), tschadischer Rebellenführer Alec MacKaye, US amerikanischer Musiker Benton MacKaye (1879−1975), US amerikanischer Umweltschützer Ian MacKaye (* 1962), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Steele (surname) — Steele is a surname, and may refer to:A* Alex Steele * Alfred E. Steele * Alfred Nu Steele (1901 1959), US businessperson and husband of Joan Crawford * Alfonso Steele * Alison Steele * Allen Steele, American science fiction author * Anne Steele… …   Wikipedia

  • Steele MacKaye — Portrait MacKayes James Morrison Steele MacKaye (* 6. Juni 1842 in Buffalo; † 25. Februar 1894) war ein amerikanischer Schauspieler, Theaterproduzent und Erfinder. Er gilt als einer der berühmtesten Theaterleute seiner Generation.[1] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MacKaye — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. MacKaye est un patronyme : Ian MacKaye, un chanteur américain ; Steele MacKaye, un dramaturge américain ; Benton MacKaye, un forestier… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mackaye, Percy — (1875 1966)    Born in New York, Percy Wallace MacKaye, son of theatrical luminary Steele MacKaye, emerged from his father s shadow as a playwright and visionary who adopted theories emerging from modernist European theatre, inspired the little… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • MacKaye, Percy — ▪ American writer born March 16, 1875, New York City died Aug. 31, 1956, Cornish, N.H., U.S.       U.S. poet and playwright whose use of historical and contemporary folk literature furthered the development of the pageant in the U.S.… …   Universalium

  • Benton MacKaye — (pronounced ) (March 6, 1879 – Dec. 11, 1975) was an American forester, planner and conservationist. Born in Stamford, Connecticut, MacKaye s father was Steele MacKaye, an actor and dramatist. Despite his upbringing in the theatre, Benton MacKaye …   Wikipedia

  • James MacKaye — James Medbury MacKaye (April 8, 1872 January 22, 1935) was an American engineer and philosopher.MacKaye was born in New York City, the son of actor Steele MacKaye and Mary (Medbery) MacKaye, and brother of poet Percy MacKaye and conservationist… …   Wikipedia